Minted during the glory days of the Roman Republic in 129 B.C., this genuine ancient silver denarius coin features a superb image of the helmeted goddess ROMA! It is mounted facing out in a polished beaded 14 KT yellow gold pendant that beautifully contrasts with the bright silver of the coin. Roma was the very embodiment of the Roman Empire and culture. This stunning pendant would make a perfect gift for anyone of Italian descent! She is shown on this coin wearing an elaborate winged helmet, always ready for battle in the protection of all that is Rome. On the reverse of the coin (and shown on the back side of the pendant), is a spectacular image of a Macedonian mounted soldier galloping to the right. A Macedonian helmet is shown to the lower left of the horse and rider.
The preserved detail is exceptional on this well-struck coin, making for an impressive display piece! The ancient die engraver was able to impart detail and high relief to the art on both sides of this extremely fine coin.
This ancient Roman Republic silver denarius coin bears the mark of Quintus Marcius Philippus, a Roman Republic moneyer. Quintus Marcius Philippus, born c. 229 BC, was a Roman consul in 186 BC and 169 BC. During his first consulship, he aided his co-consul Spurius Postumius Albinus in the suppression of the Bacchanalia, and the drafting of the senatus consultum de Bacchanalibus. He was elected praetor in 188 BC and received Sicily as his purview. He served as an ambassador to Macedonia and the Peloponnese in 183 BC, observing the actions of the Achaean League, and he incited the senate's fears of King Perseus in his report the following year. Philippus was reelected consul in 169 BC and lead the Roman army during the third year of the Third Macedonian War. His coins are marked Q·PILIPVS.
GUARANTEE: ALL PURCHASES ACCOMPANIED WITH A WRITTEN GUARANTEE OF AUTHENTICITY
SETTING: 14KT YELLOW GOLD
COIN: SILVER DENARIUS
COIN AGE: 129 B.C.
DIMENSIONS: .85" or 21 mm overall diameter
:::: Includes Gift Box
:::: Includes CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY / HISTORY SHEET
In ancient Roman religion, Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. She was created and promoted to represent and propagate certain of Rome's ideas about itself, and to justify its rule. She was portrayed on coins, sculptures, architectural designs, and at official games and festivals. Images of Roma had elements in common with other goddesses, such as Rome's Minerva, her Greek equivalent Athena and various manifestations of Greek Tyches, who protected Greek city-states. Among these, Roma stands dominant, over piled weapons that represent her conquests, and promising protection to the obedient. Her "Amazonian" iconography shows her "manly virtue" (virtus) as fierce mother of a warrior race, augmenting rather than replacing local goddesses. On some coinage of the Roman Imperial era, she is shown as a serene advisor, partner and protector of ruling emperors. In Rome, the Emperor Hadrian built and dedicated a gigantic temple to her as Roma Aeterna ("Eternal Rome"), and to Venus Felix, ("Venus the Bringer of Good Fortune"), emphasising the sacred, universal and eternal nature of the empire.
Roma's official cult served to advance the propagandist message of Imperial Rome. In Roman art and coinage, she is usually depicted in military form, with helmet and weapons. In Rome's eastern provinces, she was often shown with mural crown or cornucopia, or both, identifying her with the protection, peace and prosperity afforded by local Tyches of Hellenic city-states. She was depicted on silver cups, arches, and sculptures, including the base of the column of Antoninus Pius. She survived into the Christian period as a personification of the Roman state. Her depiction seated with a shield and spear later influenced that of Britannia, the personification of Britain.